FONOTAKTIK BAHASA BANJAR (BANJARESE PHONOTACTIC)

Sudarmo Sudarmo

Sari


Banjarese Phonotactic. The focus of this linguistic research is the distribution of phonemes and the rules
of phonemic changes of Banjarese language, by using descriptive method that aims to determine the
distribution of phonemes and the rules of phonemic changes as well as to describe or explain the event
or occurence objectively. The data collection was done by using direct observation technique and study of
literature. This study focuses on order of sounds in words or phonotactic system of Banjarese phonemes.
Therefore, this study is going to get in the discription of the row system of Banjarese phonemes, to
find out the rules of distribution of phonemes in Banjarese words,to set the system of syllabification of
Banjarese words that can determine the rules of sound-change inBanjarese language, to discribe changes
in the pronunciation of a phoneme in different distribution, to know the types of cluster types of sound
which are possible and not possible at the level of words, and to know the problem that arises because
of the diasystem in Banjarese language. The results of study are vowel phonemes of Banjarese language.
There are five, namely /a/,/i/, /u/, /o/, and /./. All these phonemes by its distribution can be used in the
initial position, the middle position, and end position. There are eighteen consonant phonemes Banjarese
language, namely: /p/, /b/, /t/, /d/, /c/, /j/, /k/, /g/, /s/, /h/, /m/, /n/, /./, /ñ/, /r/, /l/, /w/, and /y/. All these
phonemes by their distribution can be used in the initial position, the middle position, and end position,
with the exception of phonemes of /b/, /d/, /j/, /g/, and /ñ/that can not be used in the final position.
There are four syllable patterns of Banjarese language, namely: V, VK, KV, and KVK. Of the patterns of
syllables, limitations emergence of vowel phonemes and consonant phonemes on syllables of the disyllabic
KVKKVK.
Key words: phonotactic, distribution of phonemes


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